Skyscrapers or futuristic buildings are already a common sight in the big cities of the world.Still, some of these structures – often made of steel and glass – are distinguished by the originality of the design or by the techniques used to construct them.
In this article we present you five modern constructions that we can take as clues on how to show the cities of the future.
1. The Shard Tower, London
The Shard Tower is a 95-storey skyscraper located in the capital of Great Britain. It has about 309 meters and is currently the tallest building in the European Union.
The first 72 floors are habitable, and on the 72nd floor there is an observation deck. The construction started in 2009 and was completed in 2012.
The architect of the building, Renzo Piano, wanted this pyramidal structure to look as if it came out of the Thames River. However, Piano’s creation was received with plenty of criticism .
The position of the English Heritage government organization at that time was that Piano’s project would look like a “stick of glass that pierces the heart of London.”
In fact, the tower has got its name (in English, “shard” means “chip”).
2. Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
The Petronas Towers are two twin towers located in Kuala Lumpur. They have become the most famous symbol of the city, but also the world’s tallest twin towers, after taking the place of the World Trade Center buildings in New York.
The towers are created in a postmodernist style and were designed by Argentinian-American architect Cesar Pelli. The construction was completed in March 1996.
The towers were raised in the area where the Kuala Lumpur car racing circuit is located.Due to the soil structure, these mega-structures have been built on the deepest foundations in the world.
The buildings were built using glass and steel facades and had to evade Islamic art as a tribute to Muslim religion in Malaysia.
In 2009, a French mountaineer Alain “Spiderman” Robert reached the top of the second tower, using only his hands and feet without any safety devices.
The Frenchman had two attempts, but he was arrested by the police.
2. One World Trade Center in New York, United States
One World Trade Center was built in New York and replaces the twin towers destroyed in the attacks of September 11, 2001. The tower is 541 meters high, the highest in the US.
The building houses many office spaces, a deck of observation, and luxury restaurants. The building uses reusable energy and has been erected with recycled building materials.
It is also equipped with a rainwater re-use system. The building has an improved security system, and there are shops on the lower floors.
One World Trade Center opened its doors in 2014 and became a symbol of New York City.
3. The Guangzhou Opera House in Guangzhou, China
The Guangzhou Opera House is located in China’s homonym city. It is a huge and impressive show center and has become one of the largest theaters in the country.
The opera opened in May 2010 after five years of work. The project belongs to an Iraqi architect named Zaha Hadid, the first woman to win the Pritzker Architecture Award.
The building is made of steel frames embedded in composite granite. It is near the Pearl River and is a state-of-the-art monument that offers access to the docks on the banks of the river.
There is also a Metro station near the Opera House. The Guangzhou Opera House is among the top ten entertainment venues in the world.
4. Metropol Parasol from Seville, Spain
This structure was built in the old area of Seville, in La Encarnacion Square. It was completed in 2011 and is the largest wooden building in the world.
It has a height of 26 meters, a length of 150 meters and a width of 70 meters. The building contains six large mushroom-shaped sun visors and was inspired by the architecture of the Cathedral of Seville and nearby ficus trees.
Metropol Parasol has four floors and offers a panoramic view, with sidewalks and rooftops.
The building includes an open-air market, public events, restaurants and a museum where objects from Mauritanian and Roman cultures are found.
The Metropol Parasol building cost over 100 million euros.
5. Absolute World in Ontario, Canada
There are two twin towers, where there are residential apartments. The complex, known as “Absolute World”, has a spiral shape. It was built in just two years, between 2010 and 2012.
Twin towers have 50 and 56 floors respectively, as well as underground parking on six levels. The highest of the towers twists 209 degrees from the base to the top.