Most likely, the history of weapons began when the primitive man put his hand on the baton to hit an opponent. The oldest weapons discovered so far date back to the Bronze Age.
These are some buzzards, more precisely some stones that had once been caught tightly on wooden blocks. They could not be used for hunting, but they were well suited to crush other people’s skulls.
Over millennia, weapons have been refined to maximize the lethal potential of the man who handled them. From stones to rockets, weapons have evolved over time, but some of them have an extraordinary destruction capacity.
1. Mitraliera Maxim
The technology of firearms passed through a revolution in the nineteenth century. The mechanized tools allowed for greater precision in weapon manufacture. Rates have become more rare after the introduction of the cartoon staple and ammunition.
Nitrocellulose burned better than gunpowder, and gunmen immediately realized the potential of using a weapon’s rebound to increase the firing frequency. Hiram Maxim was the first inventor to apply all these innovations in a single weapon.
The Mitraliera Maxim, developed around 1884, was based on the rebound. The weapon was powered by a strap and was chilled with water. He could shoot over 500 bullets per minute.
In the years before World War I, armies from all over Europe adopted some form or another of the Maxim machine guns. Versions of this machine gun were present everywhere on the west front.
Their ability to kill was amazing, especially if it was overwhelmed by the outdated military tactics of infantry. In one day in the first Battle of the Somme, more than 20,000 British soldiers were killed in bloody and ineffective charges against the Germans in the trenches.
The Secret of the Germans? They were equipped with MG 08 weapons, the German version of the Maxim machine guns.
2. Atomic bomb
Here’s the most destructive weapon in the history of weapons. The development of nuclear weapons has given people the ability to trigger a disaster of apocalyptic proportions, which was not possible before.
The Hiroshima bomb has originally killed 70,000 people. In the months and years that followed, tens of thousands died because of the effects of radiation. The “Boy” power, as the Hiroshima bomb was nicknamed, was equivalent to 15 kilotons of TNT.
For comparison, the Sarmat ICBM RS-28 nuclear missile (nicknamed NATO “Satan 2” by NATO) was designed to trigger a 2,000 times more explosive than Hiroshima.
According to Russian engineers, a single Satan 2 rocket could laugh on the face of the earth with a size of France. Although nuclear weapons proliferation treaties have drastically reduced atomic arsenals, there are still around 15,000 such weapons in the world.
Over 90% of them belong to the US and Russia.
3. The cavalry of shock
Cavalry played an important role in the history of weapons. Few military inventions have changed medieval society more than shock cavalry. The appearance of warriors was the result of the accumulation of technological innovations over hundreds of years.
The saddle of war was introduced in the sixth century, and the saddle iron staircase was already widespread in the 7th century. The ham, needed to control the horse, probably dates from the same period.
Iron horses date back to the end of the 9th century, and the spurs began to appear in the 11th century. In the twelfth century, all these discoveries combined with the increase in size and strength of the war horse and the improvements made to the armor.
Thus, the battle of the horse became the culmination of the military art at that time.Feudalism evolved in symbiosis with cavalry, and the socio-economic and military systems supported each other. For centuries, the cavalry had no rival.
4. History of Weapons – Greek Fire and Napalm
The first to invent a device similar to the flamethrower were the Byzantines, who created a weapon known as the Greek fire. The modern version of the Greek fire, Napalm, was used for the first time during the Second World War.
Napalm incendiary bombs were used to bomb Dresden (13-15 February 1945) and bombing Tokyo (9-10 March 1945). The first killed at least 25,000 people and destroyed one of the great cultural centers in Europe.
The second killed at least 100,000 civilians and destroyed half of the Japanese capital.
Critics say these attacks were war crimes, but the Allies argued that these operations were essential to warfare.
Napalm was widely used by the US Army in the wars of Vietnam and Korea. Between 1963 and 1973, US forces launched over 380,000 tons of napalm over Vietnam. 32,357 tonnes were used during the three years of the Korean War.
5. History of Weapons – Biological Weapons
In the history of armed conflicts, illnesses often took more lives than armed confrontations.The introduction of infectious agents on the battlefield is an odd strategy, as biological weapons tend to be even more “capricious” than chemical weapons .
Viruses, bacteria and chemicals do not take uniforms, badges, or political affiliation.Biological weapons were banned under the Geneva Protocol of 1925, but Japan used them in China and carried out a series of terrible experiments that killed over 3,000 human subjects.
Also, in 1972, the Convention on Biological Weapons was signed to limit the development and storage of biological weapons. Even so, it was learned that the Soviet Union had run a massive program on biological weapons after signing the treaty.
Without the ability to conduct inspections in and signatory countries, the Convention has played a more role as a war-weapon declaration and has failed to effectively ban biological agents.